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Category: Grammar

Download e-book for iPad: Blackfoot Grammar (Heritage) by Donald G. Frantz

By Donald G. Frantz

Thousands of individuals in Alberta and Montana converse Blackfoot, an Algonquian language. however the numbers are diminishing and the survival of Blackfoot is in a few threat. to aid look after the language whereas it's nonetheless in day-by-day use, Donald G. Frantz and Norma Jean Russell collaborated at the Blackfoot Dictionary, released in 1989 to common acclaim and later revised in 1995. Blackfoot Grammar, the better half quantity to the dictionary, has now additionally been up to date with a moment edition.

The alterations made to every bankruptcy replicate new methods sophisticated via years of training adventure. New chapters on 'Numbers and Enumeration' and 'Translating from English to Blackfoot' were further, in addition to new workouts and new appendixes describing the phonetics of Blackfoot and the layout of the alphabet.

This moment version of Blackfoot Grammar can be a welcome replace not just in case you desire to research the language, yet for all people with an curiosity in local reviews and North American linguistics.

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Read e-book online Histoire des théories du temps dans les grammaires PDF

By Jean-Marie Fournier

Ce livre est une monographie sur l'histoire des théories du temps grammatical dans les grammaires françaises composées entre le xvie et los angeles fin du xixe siècle. Il s'inscrit dans le champ de l'histoire et de l'épistémologie des idées linguistiques. los angeles mise en série des chapitres consacrés au temps dans les grammaires de los angeles culture française fait apparaître une remarquable continuité dans l'élaboration et los angeles diffusion du savoir au cours de cette période. C'est los angeles thèse principale défendue par ce livre, qui résulte elle-même des choix qui ont présidé à l'établissement du corpus : non pas quelques textes représentatifs des changements les plus significatifs, mais l'établissement d'une série présentant une granularité assez high-quality pour saisir toute l. a. complexité des mouvements du changement. Le aspect de départ dont se saisissent les premiers descripteurs des langues modernes est l'appareil théorique hérité des latins, principalement celui développé par Priscien. Ce cadre preliminary est ensuite aménagé et complété par les grammairiens du français dans leur attempt pour rendre compte des données du vernaculaire. Au sein du foisonnement impressionnant d'innovations suscité par l'exploration du champ de l. a. sémantique verbale, l. a. contribution de Port-Royal (1660) se distingue par sa portée. Les Messieurs réduisent en effet le modèle descriptif à un dispositif combinatoire permettant le repérage des événements dans un référentiel comportant un nombre fini de critères. Il en résulte une géométrisation de l. a. sémantique temporelle dont les auteurs au cours des siècles suivants revendiquent le caractère formel, testent l'efficacité descriptive ou discutent los angeles validité, jusque dans les grammaires générales les plus tardives du xixe siècle, et au-delà chez des auteurs qui en recueillent l'héritage comme Jespersen et Reichenbach.

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Download PDF by Igor Mel'cuk,David Beck: Aspects of the Theory of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics.

By Igor Mel'cuk,David Beck

The booklet is devoted to linguistic morphology andit includes a comic strip of an entire morphological thought, based round a dialogue offundamental suggestions suchas morph vs. morpheme, inflectional type, voice, grammatical case, contract vs. executive, suppletion, relationships among linguistic symptoms, etc.: the most popular concerns in sleek linguistics!

The publication introduces rigorous and transparent options essential to describe morphological phenomena of traditional languages. between different issues, it bargains logical calculi of attainable grammemes in a given class. The presentation is built in a typological viewpoint, in order that linguistic info from a wide number of languages are defined and analyzed (about a hundred typologically very assorted languages).

The major process is deductive: the innovations proposed in Aspects of the speculation of Morphology are according to a small set of indefinibilia and every proposal is outlined when it comes to those indefinibilia and/or different suggestions outlined formerly; therefore, logical calculi will be developed (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical desk of components in chemistry). Then the idea that is utilized to the particular linguistic information to illustrate its validity and advantages.

Thus, Aspects of the speculation of Morphology combines metalinguistic undertaking (a procedure of options for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all scholars of language, together with the border fields and applications.

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Read e-book online Universals in Comparative Morphology: Suppletion, PDF

By Jonathan David Bobaljik

This groundbreaking research of the morphology of comparability yields a shocking end result: that even in suppletion (the wholesale alternative of 1 stem through a phonologically unrelated stem, as in good-better-best) there emerge strikingly strong styles, almost exceptionless generalizations throughout languages. Jonathan David Bobaljik describes the systematicity in suppletion, and argues that not less than 5 generalizations are good contenders for the prestige of linguistic universals. the most important themes mentioned comprise suppletion, comparative and superlative formation, deadjectival verbs, and lexical decomposition. Bobaljik's fundamental concentration is on morphological concept, yet his argument additionally goals to combine facts from numerous subfields right into a coherent complete. during his research, Bobaljik argues that the assumptions wanted endure on offerings between theoretical frameworks and that the framework of Distributed Morphology has the correct structure to help the account. as well as the theoretical implications of the generalizations, Bobaljik means that the extraordinary styles of regularity in what differently seems to be the main abnormal of linguistic domain names offer compelling proof for common Grammar. The publication moves a special stability among empirical breadth and theoretical element. The phenomenon that's the major concentration of the argument, suppletion in adjectival gradation, is uncommon adequate that Bobaljik is ready to current an basically complete description of the proof; while, it's common sufficient to supply adequate version to discover the query of universals over an important dataset of greater than 300 languages.

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Read e-book online How to Avoid Grammar Gaffes Once and for All Second Canadian PDF

By Alan Rutkowski

Grammar Gaffes is an a laugh examine English grammar by way of Alan Rutkowski, who grew to become often called a grammar guru by way of readers of his column within the Edmonton magazine. A forged of characters with names like Jadwiga and Colbart illustrate the gaffes and foibles that plague even local English audio system. particularly fascinating is the bankruptcy on puppy peeves despatched in by means of readers. From the greengrocer's apostrophe to normally harassed phrases, Grammar Gaffes deals causes which are either effortless to appreciate and exciting. Repetition and reinforcement workouts make Grammar Gaffes an ideal source for self-instruction. See for your self. learn it and revel in getting to know English.

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Download e-book for kindle: Argument Realization (Studies in Constraint-Based by Miriam Butt,Tracy Holloway King

By Miriam Butt,Tracy Holloway King

during this ebook, Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King current seven essays that survey primary argument cognizance matters inside a typologically huge variety of languages. In those papers, Butt, King, and different well-known linguists learn in the structure of Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) the diversity of how within which arguments of a predicate might be learned within the syntax. Well-suited for this type of exam, LFG allows the complicated interplay of arguments, syntactic positions, and grammatical functions.

Case marking alternations and the overt awareness of case marking inside unmarried clauses, together with case stacking, have persevered to interact the eye of linguists operating with varied syntactic theories. The phenomenon of clause union or advanced predication has led linguists to examine case marking and argument awareness that is going past the area of the one clause. whatever the complexity or simplicity of the predicational constitution of a clause, the papers incorporated during this quantity convey how the connection among arguments and their overt awareness will be dealt with.

These papers additionally deal with a number of case marking in Australian languages, possessor alternation in Welsh, directional complicated predicates in American Indian languages, and causatives in jap. moreover, they talk about representational concerns that surround underspecification and the encoding of semantic info had to make certain the correspondence of thematic arguments to their overt syntactic realization.

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Manual de escritura académica y profesional (Vol. I): - download pdf or read online

By Estrella Montolío

Elaborar textos correctos, adecuados y que cumplan con eficacia el objetivo para el que fueron diseñados es el resultado de una reflexión sobre un objeto de estudio apasionante (el lenguaje) y, sobre todo, de mucha práctica. Ya se trate de un breve lema publicitario o de un extenso artículo académico, las reglas que aplican son las mismas.

Este guide de escritura académica y profesional se presenta en dos volúmenes y quiere ser, precisamente, un instrumento para ayudar al lector a convertirse en un escritor experto en el manejo de textos. Busca enseñar las diferentes estrategias y mecanismos lingüísticos que deben conocerse para elaborar textos eficaces, desde las reglas básicas de l. a. ortografía (acentuación, puntuación, léxico) hasta conceptos más complejos como los angeles argumentación, l. a. estructuración o los conectores.

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Download e-book for iPad: The Polysynthesis Parameter (Oxford Studies in Comparative by Mark C. Baker

By Mark C. Baker

This e-book investigates intimately the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complicated verbal morphology. Baker argues that polysynthesis is greater than an unintentional choice of morphological procedures; fairly, it's a systematic manner of representing predicate-argument relationships that's parallel to yet particular from the procedure utilized in languages like English. Having repercussions for lots of components of syntax and similar elements of morphology and semantics, this argument ends up in a finished photo of the grammar of polysynthetic languages. Baker attracts on examples from Mohawk and likely languages of the yank Southwest, Mesoamerica, Australia, and Siberia.

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Instituto Cervantes,Autores varios's Cocodrilos en el diccionario: Hacia dónde camina el español PDF

By Instituto Cervantes,Autores varios

La lengua española está en constante proceso de cambio: usos nuevos o que hoy se consideran impropios terminarán siendo mayoritariamente aceptados y formando parte de l. a. norma.

Los cambios surgen como usos impropios que se ponen de moda en el habla de la calle, entre los políticos o en el lenguaje de los medios de comunicación. Unas veces pasan como simples modas, pero otras ganan aceptación y terminan formando parte de l. a. lengua y siendo aceptados por la Academia (casos como las tan criticadas «almóndiga», «vagamundo» o «madalena»).

También el lenguaje de los jóvenes es muy rico en estos neologismos. Si bien la mayoría son perecederos, algunos son verdaderos aciertos que calan en el habla common y pasan a formar parte del vocabulario común.

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A New Architecture for Functional Grammar (Mouton de - download pdf or read online

By J. L. Mackenzie,Maria de los A Gomez-Gonzalez,Maria de los Angeles Gonzalez

This quantity, which represents a massive develop on Simon Dik's ultimate assertion of the idea (1997), lays the basis for the longer term evolution of FG in the direction of a practical Discourse Grammar. It rises to the double problem of specifying the interface among discourse and grammar and of detailing the expression ideas that hyperlink semantic illustration and morphosyntactic shape. the hole bankruptcy, by means of Kees Hengeveld, units out in programmatic shape a brand new structure for FG which either preserves the easiest of the normal version and gives a spot for various contemporary insights. the rest chapters are dedicated to refining and constructing the programme laid down by means of Hengeveld, bringing in info from a number languages in addition to theoretical insights encouraged via adjacent frameworks. Of exact curiosity are an account through Matthew Anstey of ways present proposals come up from the heritage of FG and diverse chapters during which the version is introduced a lot in the direction of an account of real-time language creation, particularly together with the 1st ever special account of the workings of expression ideas, via Dik Bakker and Anna Siewierska. the ultimate bankruptcy, additionally via Hengeveld, attracts jointly the findings of a number of the chapters, culminating in an elaborated version that represents the main refined assertion of sensible Grammar at present to be had. the quantity hence supplies a coherent account of FG as a thought which mixes formal explicitness with a vast account of language functions.

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